Nama-nama batu permata, kristal, dan mineral terkenal di dunia

Menurut  abjad

A

  • Agate
  • Amazonite
  • Amber
  • Ametrine
  • Ammolite
  • Andalusite
  • Apatite
  • Aquamarine ( Beryl )
  • Axinite
  • Aventurine

B

  • Bixbite ( Beryl )
  • Bloodstone / Akik darah
  • Bone

C

  • Cat eye
  • Carnelian
  • Cassiterite
  • Chalcedony
  • Charoite
  • Chrysoberyl (mata kucing): Alexandrite
  • Chrysocolla
  • Chrysolite (krisolit)
  • Chrysoprase
  • Coral
  • Cordierite
  • Cubic Zirconia

D

  • Danburite
  • Diamonds / Berlian / Intan
  • Dinososaur Bone
  • Diopsite
  • Dolomite
  • Drusy

E

  • Euclase

F

  • Fluorite
  • Fosfor

G

H

  • Heliodore (Beryl)
  • Hematite

I

  • Iolite

J

K

  • Kunzite

L

  • Labradorite: Spectrolite
  • Permata Lapis Lazuli
  • Larimar

M

N

  • Nephrite (jade)

O

P

  • Palmwood
  • Pearl / Mutiara
  • Pectolite
  • Peridot
  • Pyrite

Q

  • Kristal Quartz (Kuarsa): termasuk di dalamnya Aventurine, Carnelian, Citrine,

R

S

T

V

  • Violan

Y

  • Yag

Z

  • Zircon
 

Berdasarkan urutan Kekerasan menurut Skala Mohs

Skala 10 Diamond
Skala 9 Padparadscha, Ruby Sapphire
Skala 8,5 Chrysoberyl Cubic Zirconia
Skala 8,25 Yag
Skala 8 Topaz Spinel
Skala 7,5- 8 Beryl Phenakite
Skala 7,5 Euclase Zircon
Skala 7 – 7,5 Andalusite Cordierite Iolite Pyrope Rhodolite garnet
Skala 7 Quarz Tourmaline Danburite
Skala 6,5 – 7,5 Grossular garnet Spessartite garnet
Skala 6,5 – 7 Axinite Jadeite Peridot Hessonite garnet Demantoid garnet
Skala 6,5 Chalcedony GGG Hematite Idocrase Scapolite (yellow) Zoisite
Skala 6 – 7,5 Almandine garnet
Skala 6 – 7 Cassiterite Spodumene Olivine
Skala 6 – 6,5 Adularia moonstone Albite moonstone Benitoite Labradorite
Skala 6 Amazonite Orthoclase Rutile Zircon
Skala 5,5 – 6 Anatase rutile Opal Rhodonite
Skala 5 – 6 Turquoise (pirus) Nephrite jade Diopside Lapis Apatite Enstatie Strontium titanate Sphene

 

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